# UPPER Google Sheets Function [With Quiz]

In Google Sheets the UPPER function outputs the provided text with all uppercase characters.

## UPPER Syntax

=UPPER(text)
• text = the "text" or a cell reference to the text you want to convert to uppercase characters.

This function is useful for converting things that are usually uppercase (like acronyms) to a consistent format.

UPPER, in combination with functions like LEFT and RIGHT, can also be used to make part of some text uppercase.  FREE RESOURCE

12 exclusive tips to make user-friendly sheets from today: ## UPPER Function Example

 A B C 1 Text Formula Output 2 abc =UPPER(A2) ABC 3 kiss =UPPER(A3) KISS 4 Swag =UPPER(A4) SWAG 5 FnC =UPPER(A5) FNC 6 btb =UPPER(A6) BTB

You can also reference text directly instead of using a cell reference:

=UPPER("abc")

Will output: ABC

## Using The UPPER Function On A Whole Column

By combining the UPPER function and the ArrayFormula function you can force UPPER to accept more than one argument.

This means you can make multiple cells uppercase, an entire column or row, or even a table with only one formula.

Here's an example using the same data as above:

 A B C 1 Text Formula Output 2 abc =ArrayFormula(UPPER(A2:A6)) ABC 3 kiss KISS 4 Swag SWAG 5 FnC FNC 6 btb BTB

All of the text is converted to uppercase characters using a single formula.

## UPPER Errors

The UPPER function is very stable, handling the following without error:

• Blank cells,
• Numbers (returning them as text), and
• Boolean data (returning them as uppercase text)

If you input a range (e.g. A2:A6) without using ArrayFormula it will output one piece of uppercase text if the range crosses the same row or column as the formula's cell.

Otherwise, it will throw a #VALUE! error:

An array value could not be found.

## UPPER Function Quiz

Here's a quick summary of how to use the quiz spreadsheet:

1. Select the required cell while the formula bar is empty

Complete all questions to solidify your understanding of the UPPER function.

UPPER Function Exercises
Enter a formula for each question in the formula bar for the spreadsheet below.
1. Single Cell
In cell B2, enter a formula that capitalizes every character in the third acronym from the list. Remember to start your formula with '='.
2. Whole Column
In cell C2, enter a formula that changes every acronym in the list to uppercase using a range reference. Remember, the UPPER function won't do this by itself.
 A B C 1 Acronym Single Column 2 abc 3 kiss 4 Swag 5 FnC 6 btb  FREE RESOURCE

12 exclusive tips to make user-friendly sheets from today:  