Google Sheets Cheat Sheet

UPPER Google Sheets Function [With Quiz]

In Google Sheets the UPPER function outputs the provided text with all uppercase characters.

UPPER Syntax

=UPPER(text)

This function is useful for converting things that are usually uppercase (like acronyms) to a consistent format.

UPPER, in combination with functions like LEFT and RIGHT, can also be used to make part of some text uppercase.

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UPPER Function Example

ABC
1TextFormulaOutput
2abc=UPPER(A2)ABC
3kiss=UPPER(A3)KISS
4Swag=UPPER(A4)SWAG
5FnC=UPPER(A5)FNC
6btb=UPPER(A6)BTB

You can also reference text directly instead of using a cell reference:

=UPPER("abc")

Will output: ABC

Using The UPPER Function On A Whole Column

By combining the UPPER function and the ArrayFormula function you can force UPPER to accept more than one argument.

This means you can make multiple cells uppercase, an entire column or row, or even a table with only one formula.

Here's an example using the same data as above:

ABC
1TextFormulaOutput
2abc=ArrayFormula(UPPER(A2:A6))ABC
3kissKISS
4SwagSWAG
5FnCFNC
6btbBTB

All of the text is converted to uppercase characters using a single formula.

UPPER Errors

The UPPER function is very stable, handling the following without error:

If you input a range (e.g. A2:A6) without using ArrayFormula it will output one piece of uppercase text if the range crosses the same row or column as the formula's cell.

Otherwise, it will throw a #VALUE! error:

An array value could not be found.

UPPER Function Quiz

Here's a quick summary of how to use the quiz spreadsheet:

  1. Select the required cell while the formula bar is empty
  2. Type your answer in the formula bar
  3. You can click on the spreadsheet to add cell/range references

Complete all questions to solidify your understanding of the UPPER function.

UPPER Function Exercises
Enter a formula for each question in the formula bar for the spreadsheet below.
1. Single Cell
In cell B2, enter a formula that capitalizes every character in the third acronym from the list. Remember to start your formula with '='.
2. Whole Column
In cell C2, enter a formula that changes every acronym in the list to uppercase using a range reference. Remember, the UPPER function won't do this by itself.
ABC
1AcronymSingleColumn
2abc
3kiss
4Swag
5FnC
6btb
Click Here When Complete

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Google Sheets Cheat Sheet

Learn 12 tips and tactics that will make your sheets more beautiful and user-friendly from today.

Google Sheets Cheat Sheet

By entering your email address you agree to get email updates from me. I'll respect your privacy and you can unsubscribe at any time.

Kieran Dixon started using spreadsheets in 2010. He leveled-up his skills working for banks and running his own business. Now he makes Google Sheets and Apps Script more approachable for anyone looking to streamline their business and life.